Instar martyrum: a morte em combate como martírio nas narrativas dos Cercos de Diu de Damião de Góis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

&e idea of the martyr as the perfect 'guration of the Christian hero is one of the founding marks of Christianity. &e concept of Crusade stems from a centennial evolution of religious and political thought in the West that culminated in the association of death in combat with martyrdom. &e aggressiveness assumed by the Crusades is justi'able only with the gradual involvement of the Christian religion in the political sphere and the violent shocks caused by the launch of the Islamic jihad since the seventh century. In the Iberian Peninsula, the Crusade had a speci'c colour, only belatedly in(uenced by the ideas of northern Europe. &e Portuguese tradition of chivalry and Crusade was deepened by the Avis dynasty and linked to the Expansion, where the goal of “spreading Christianity” assigned to the political-military agents the heroic status of both warriors and missionaries. &e 'rst siege of Diu was therefore inscribed by Damião de Góis in the crusading e+ort, and his hero António da Silveira is depicted urging his garrison to join him in martyrdom.
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationDo reino das sombras
Subtitle of host publicationfigurações da morte
EditorsAna Paula Pinto, Carlos Bizarro Morais, João Amadeu Carvalho da Silva, João Carlos Onofre Pinto, José Cândido Oliveira Martins, Maria José Araújo Ferreira Lopes, Miguel Gonçalves
Place of PublicationBraga
PublisherAletheia – Associação Científica e Cultural
Pages245-261
VolumeI
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9789726972204
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Martyrdom
  • Christian hero
  • Roman virtues
  • Sieges of Diu
  • Heroic exempla

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