Intervenções de enfermagem promotoras da adaptação da criança/jovem/família à hospitalização: uma scoping review

Translated title of the contribution: Nursing interventions promoting child/youth/family adaptation to hospitalization: a scoping review

Inês Barros*, Margarida Lourenço, Elisabete Nunes, Zaida Charepe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
134 Downloads

Abstract

Objective: Identify the adaptation process of the child and family to hospitalization and map the nursing interventions that promote the child/youth/family’s adaptation to hospitalization. Method: Elaboration of a Scoping Review based on the Joanna Briggs Institute (2014). Inclusion criteria - Population: Child, Young (0–18 years old); Concept: Interventions promoting adaptation and Context: Hospitalization. The studies considered were quantitative, qualitative and systematic reviews. Electronic databases used for article search - PUBMED, MEDLINE and CINAHL. Selection criteria: full text articles dated between 2012 and 2019. Languages of inclusion: Portuguese and English. Results: A total of 14 articles were analyzed, including 2 systematic reviews of the literature, 7 qualitative studies and 5 quantitative studies. The results of the analysis were organized by themes: the child’s adaptation to hospitalization, the parent’s adaptation to hospitalization and strategies promoting adaptation to hospitalization. The interventions aimed at children are focused on strengthening coping mechanisms and on increasing the sense of security. These have been categorized into communication strategies; playful activities and relaxation activities; and promotion of hope and coping strategies. Conclusion: The mapped Nursing interventions that promote adaptation to hospitalization intend to decrease the child / family’s anxiety and stress, increasing the ability to receive information and to participate in care and decisions. Intervention such as therapeutic play, anticipatory information, relaxation techniques, distraction, humor, music therapy, adaptation kits, therapeutic groups and hope-promoting strategies are emphasized.
Translated title of the contributionNursing interventions promoting child/youth/family adaptation to hospitalization: a scoping review
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)577-596
Number of pages20
JournalEnfermeria Global
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Family
  • Hospitalized child
  • Pediatric nursing

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