The murder of Ferdinand Leopold von Hallweil in August 1696, in the Vienna Woods, drew a great deal of attention, because the suspected perpetrator was the Portuguese ambassador, Charles-Joseph of Ligne, second marquis of Arronches. Building on the existing literature and on unchartered sources, this article examines how the Portuguese royal court handled the case both on the political-diplomatic level and on the judicial front, looking into the conflicting interests and values that were weighed and the solutions designed to minimize reputation damages to the Portuguese crown and to the House of Sousa, as well. It argues that both formal and informal mechanisms of punishment were put in place to restore political and social order.
- Count Hallweil
- Criminal jurisdiction
- Household discipline
- Leopold I
- Theory and practice of diplomacy