La adiposidad excesiva y los estilos de vida sedentarios son prevalentes en los pacientes oncológicos; un estudio piloto

Translated title of the contribution: Excessive adiposity and sedentary lifestyles are prevalent in cancer patients; a pilot study

Ana Isabel Almeida, Dina Raquel João, Andreia Rolão, Isabel Monteiro-Grillo, Maria Camilo, Paulo Ravasco*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Cancer aetiology is multifactorial; risk factors comprise obesity, central adiposity, physical inactivity and excessive/deficient intake of foods and/or nutrients with procarcinogenic/protective effects. We aim to analyze the pattern of nutritional status, food intake and physical activity in a cohort of cancer patients. This pilot crosssectional study was conducted in 64 outpatients referred for Radiotherapy. Nutritional parameters evaluated: BMI, waist circumference, body composition by tetrapolar bioimpedance (Xitron®). Usual food intake was collected with a short food frequency questionnaire and physical activity was assessed with Jacksons' questionnaire. Overweight/obesity and excessive body fat mass prevalence was of 53% and 61%, respectively. Central obesity, which indicates moderate/high cardio-metabolic risk, was found in 78% of patients. Food frequency analysis showed a poor intake in vegetables and a high intake in meat and carbohydrates. Physical inactivity was prevalent. This pilot study in cancer patients, showed a high prevalence of overweight/obesity, excessive fat mass and central obesity, simultaneously with sedentary lifestyles and an inadequate diet, poor in protective foods and excessive in deleterious ones. Thus, these patients exhibit a high risk pattern for cancer development and for a poorer prognosis. The implementation of measures to promote balanced and protective diets and to encourage physical activity practice is urgently needed.
Translated title of the contributionExcessive adiposity and sedentary lifestyles are prevalent in cancer patients; a pilot study
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)1468-1474
Number of pages7
JournalNutricion Hospitalaria
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Body composition
  • Cancer
  • Dietary food pattern
  • Nutritional assessment
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Waist circumference


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