La foi psychiatrique: Catholicisme et médecine de l'âme au Portugal (c. 1925-c. 1967)

Translated title of the contribution: Psychiatric faith : Catholicism and soul medicine in Portugal (c. 1925-c. 1967)

Tiago Pires Marques*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In Portugal of the early 1930s, in the aftermath of the secularist regime of the First Republic, marked by a significant political involvement of doctors, the typical psychiatrist was a positivist and anticlerical neurologist. With the conservative regime of Estado Novo, Catholic doctors, including psychiatrists, undertook a takeover which, in a few decades, changed the socio-political nature of institutionalized psychiatry. Influenced by new scientific, religious and ideological trends, the knowledge and clinical practices of psychiatrists adapted to the political and religious context of Estado Novo. One of these currents, psychoanalysis, played an unexpected role in the rapprochement between psychiatry and Catholicism. This process of rapprochement is analysed as well as its epistemic consequences and institutional practices.
Translated title of the contributionPsychiatric faith : Catholicism and soul medicine in Portugal (c. 1925-c. 1967)
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)103-122
Number of pages20
JournalArchives de Sciences Sociales des Religions
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Catholicism
  • Estado Novo
  • Political secularism
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychoanalysis


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