Labour market participation among rehabilitated individuals with spinal cord injury in Brazil: a cross-sectional study

Adriana D. Tholl*, Thamyres C. S. Lima, Scheyla P. B. O. Nogueira, Fabiana Faleiros, Cristina Marques-Vieira, Selma M. F. Viegas, Janaina M. de Souza, Natalia Goncalves, Rosane G. Nitschke, Danielle A. da Cruz, Natalia A. Antunes, Jocemar Ilha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Study design Cross-sectional study. Objective To document the labour market participation rate and investigate the impact of social and economic characteristics on this outcome among individuals with spinal cord injury or disease (SCI/D) who participated in a multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme in Brazil. Setting A specialised rehabilitation centre in southern Brazil. Methods An interview was performed with former rehabilitation clients with SCI/D. A total of 111 community-dwelling individuals with SCI/D who had been previously rehabilitated in a large regional rehabilitation centre were considered. Employment status and demographic, injury, work, and economic characteristics were self-reported via interview. Descriptive statistical analyses were performed. Results The labour market participation rate was 21.6% (24 individuals). Five respondents were employed in formal work activities, and the other 19 were involved in informal activities (self-employed). Since the onset of injury, a shorter time was associated with nonparticipation in occupational work. Individuals with a higher level of education were more likely to be working. Household income was higher among the participants who had returned to work than among those who had not returned. Conclusion There is a relatively low labour market participation rate among rehabilitated individuals with SCI/D in southern Brazil. The rehabilitation services should emphasise vocational training, access to education, and employment support for individuals with SCI/D from early onset after the injury. Public policies must be revised to support labour market participation among individuals with SCI/D in Brazil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalSpinal Cord
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


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