The present paper claims the relevance of the question "What is metaphysics?" and of the answer from the study of the different approaches made throughout the history of thought. One of these answers is the one given by St Bonaventure. Dr. Seraphic presents a metaphysical project that breaks with an ontological, flat, enclosed in nature to present a philosophical geometry open to the supernatural plane. For this he uses a scheme that starts from the concept of “medium” as a possibility to bring the extremes closer and a dynamism of reduction at the most, thus pointing out the specificity of metaphysics and its causality (emanation, exemplariness and consummation) that is capable of leading to the speculation (and contemplation) of the first original principle. In this scheme the metaphysical question of natural entities is that of essence, as a rational distinction open to communication. Such essence is not exhausted in the quantitative quiddity but presents a significance that projects the natural entity beyond the ontology. Metaphysics is thus possible by uniting the natural entity with the supernatural being and making possible, in turn, the understanding of theological rationality, so that this first principle can be read, theologically, as God One and Trine.
- St. Bonaventure