Masking the face: recognition of emotional facial expressions as a function of the parameters of backward masking

F. Esteves*, Arne Öhman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four experiments are reported investigating recognition of emotional expressions in very briefly presented facial stimulus. The faces were backwardly masked by neutral facial displays and recognition of facial expressions was analyzed as a function of the manipulation of different parameters in the masking procedure. The main conclusion was that stimulus onset asynchrony between target and mask proved to be the principal factor influencing recognition of the masked expressions. In general, confident recognitions of facial expressions required about 100–150 msec, with shorter time for happy than for angry expressions. The manipulation of the duration of both the target and the mask, by itself, had only minimal effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Backward masking
  • Facial expressions
  • Recognition thresholds

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