Material characterisation of a florentine painter in Portugal in the late 19th century: paintings by Giorgio Marini

Rui Bordalo*, Carlo Bottaini, Claudia Moricca, Antonio Candeias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

This paper presents the analytical characterisation of a series of paintings authored by Giorgio Marini (1836-1905) from the Museum of Évora. Marini was an Italian painter who lived in Portugal in the 19th century. He was a very prolific painter and his works, most of them portraits commissioned by urban and rural bourgeois and noble elites, are dispersed all over the country. The general good conservation state of most paintings prevented the collection of micro-samples for detailed study. Hence, material identification of the painting materials was performed primarily by XRF, given its non-destructive and non-invasive nature, and it was complemented when possible by auxiliary techniques optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and SEM-EDX. Pigments and fillers such as yellow and red ochre, lead white, zinc white, barium white, chrome yellow and green chrome are among the identified pigments. This is the first time the palette used by Giorgio Marini was identified, helping to characterise the pigments used by foreign painters during the 19th century in Portugal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-980
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Conservation Science
Volume7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pigment analysis
  • Portable XRF
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • SEM-EDX

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