Membrane transporters in the bioproduction of organic acids: state of the art and future perspectives for industrial applications

I. Soares-Silva*, D. Ribas, M. Sousa-Silva, J. Azevedo-Silva, T. Rendulić, M. Casal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic acids such as monocarboxylic acids, dicarboxylic acids or even more complex molecules such as sugar acids, have displayed great applicability in the industry as these compounds are used as platform chemicals for polymer, food, agricultural and pharmaceutical sectors. Chemical synthesis of these compounds from petroleum derivatives is currently their major source of production. However, increasing environmental concerns have prompted the production of organic acids by microorganisms. The current trend is the exploitation of industrial biowastes to sustain microbial cell growth and valorize biomass conversion into organic acids. One of the major bottlenecks for the efficient and cost-effective bioproduction is the export of organic acids through the microbial plasma membrane. Membrane transporter proteins are crucial elements for the optimization of substrate import and final product export. Several transporters have been expressed in organic acid-producing species, resulting in increased final product titers in the extracellular medium and higher productivity levels. In this review, the state of the art of plasma membrane transport of organic acids is presented, along with the implications for industrial biotechnology.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberfnaa118
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume367
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carboxylic acids
  • Cell factories
  • Industrial biotechnology
  • Permease
  • Transporter proteins

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