Meritocracia, excelência e exclusão escolar: uma scoping review

Translated title of the contribution: Meritocracy, excellence and school exclusion: a scoping review

Marylin Regal Ferreira*, José Matias Alves, Cristina Palmeirão

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



School meritocracy is a system for rewarding students with benefits assumed for motivation and recognition of effort, but also with a negative dimension associated with the intensification and stratification of inequalities. Thus, the main objective of the present study is to analyze the literature on school meritocracy and the logics of action of schools in this context. The method used is a scoping review, aimed at selecting, analyzing and synthesizing the literature found in four databases: Web of Science, Scopus, RCAAP and Google Scholar. The results show a need for reflection on the concepts of school justice and exclusion, associated with meritocratic ideology in the logic of equal opportunities.

Translated title of the contributionMeritocracy, excellence and school exclusion: a scoping review
Original languagePortuguese
Article numbere10250
Number of pages9
JournalCadernos de Pesquisa
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2023


  • Meritocracy
  • Merit
  • Educational justice
  • Equal opportunities


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