Microbial, physicochemical profile and sensory perception of dry-aged beef quality: a preliminary Portuguese contribution to the validation of the dry aging process

Ana Ribeiro, Irene Oliveira, Kamila Soares, Filipe Silva, Paula Teixeira, Cristina Saraiva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Beef dry-aging consists of a selection of unpackaged prime cuts placed in a controlled environment cold room for several weeks. The goals are to concentrate flavors like nutty and beefy and to improve tenderness. The aim of this study was to verify the microbiological and physicochemical behavior and sensory perception of meat during a sample process example of meat dry-aging. Twelve beef loins were selected for 90 days of dry aging and placed in a cold room with average temperature, relative humidity and forced air 3.2 ± 0.7 °C, 60.7 ± 4.2% and 0.5–2 m/s, respectively. Samples of crust and lean meat were collected on days 1, 14, 21, 35, 60 and 90 of the dry aging process for microbiological, physicochemical (pH, aw, color L*a*b*) and sensory analysis. During drying, no pathogenic bacteria were detected, and the average counts were higher for the crust. The average values for water activity (aw) and pH were 0.98 ± 0.02 and 5.77 ± 0.015, respectively. A slight decrease in aw and an increase in pH were observed over the aging period (p < 0.05). The lower microbial counts on the lean meat and the overall assessment of freshness confirm the importance of good manufacturing and storage practices during dry aging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4514
Number of pages12
JournalFoods
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Aging process
  • Dry aged beef
  • Microbiological profile
  • Sensory analysis

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