Microfluidic paper-based device incorporated with silica nanoparticles for iodide quantification in marine source dietary supplements

Mafalda G. Pereira, Ana Machado, Andreia Leite, Maria Rangel, Adriano Bordalo, António O. S. S. Rangel, Raquel B. R. Mesquita

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Abstract

Iodine is an essential micronutrient for humans due to its fundamental role in the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. As a key parameter to assess health conditions, iodine intake needs to be monitored to ascertain and prevent iodine deficiency. Iodine is available from various food sources (such as seaweed, fish, and seafood, among others) and dietary supplements (multivitamins or mineral supplements). In this work, a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPAD) to quantify iodide in seaweed and dietary supplements is described. The developed μPAD is a small microfluidic device that emerges as quite relevant in terms of its analytical capacity. The quantification of iodide is based on the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by hydrogen peroxide in the presence of iodine, which acts as the catalyst to produce the blue form of TMB. Additionally, powder silica was used to intensify and uniformize the colour of the obtained product. Following optimization, the developed μPAD enabled iodide quantification within the range of 10–100 μM, with a detection limit of 3 μM, and was successfully applied to seaweeds and dietary supplements. The device represents a valuable tool for point-of-care analysis, can be used by untrained personnel at home, and is easily disposable, low-cost, and user-friendly.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1024
Number of pages13
JournalSensors
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Iodide determination
  • µPAD
  • TMB reaction
  • Food samples
  • Dietary supplements

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