Microwave and ultrasound pre-treatments for drying of the “Rocha” Pear: impact on phytochemical parameters, color changes and drying kinetics

Begüm Önal, Giuseppina Adiletta, Marisa Di Matteo, Paola Russo, Inês N. Ramos*, Cristina L. M. Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of drying temperature and innovative pre-treatments (i.e., microwave and ultrasound) on “Rocha” pear drying behavior and quality characteristics, such as color, total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Experiments were carried out with pear slabs subjected to microwaves (2450 MHz, 539 W, 4 min, microwave oven) and ultrasounds (35 kHz, 10 min, in an ultrasonic bath) as well as control samples. The drying process was conducted in a tray dryer at three different temperatures (50, 55 and 60 °C) and a fixed air velocity of 0.75 m/s. Microwave technology resulted in a higher quality deterioration in dried pear samples compared to those of controls and ultrasound pre-treated samples. The combined application of ultrasound pre-treatment and the higher drying temperature of 60 °C was characterized by the lowest color changes (ΔE = 3.86 ± 0.23) and higher preservation of nutritional parameters (total phenolic content, TPC = 345.60 ± 8.99; and antioxidant activity, EC50 = 8.80 ± 0.34). The drying characteristics of pear fruits were also analyzed by taking into account empirical models, with the Page model presenting the best prediction of the drying behavior. In conclusion, ultrasound application is a promising technology to obtain healthy/nutritious dried “Rocha” pear snacks as dietary sources for consumers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number853
Number of pages18
JournalFoods
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • “Rocha” pear
  • Ultrasound
  • Microwave
  • Drying
  • Quality characteristics
  • Empirical models

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