Mild cognitive impairment: deficits in cognitive domains other than memory

F. Ribeiro*, A. De Mendonça, M. Guerreiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) typically present with memory complaints, but may have mild deficits in other cognitive domains. We compared the neuropsychological profiles of a series of consecutive MCI patients (n = 116) with a control group of healthy elderly subjects (n = 63). The presence of a memory deficit on delayed recall was consistent in the MCI sample, as it was an inclusion criterion in the study. Impairment on immediate recall was present in 62.6% of the patients on paragraph recall of the logical memory test and in 63.1% of the patients on the word paired-associate learning test. Remarkably, patients with MCI frequently had deficits in cognitive domains beyond memory. As much as 68.7% of the patients had deficits in temporal orientation, 30.2% had deficits in semantic fluency, 33.7% in the Token test, 23.4% in calculation, and 23.9% in motor initiative. If detailed neuropsychological testing is performed, the majority of MCI patients will have deficits in cognitive domains other than memory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Language impairment
  • Memory deficit
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Semantic fluency


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