Modelling of alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris inactivation in apple juice using thermosonication technologies

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestrisis a thermoacidophilic, non-pathogenic, spore-forming bacterium, which is responsible for quality degradation of fruit juices. A. acidoterrestris has become an important concern, and it has been suggested as a target microorganism for the design of thermal processes of fruit juices. In single strength juiceand under specific conditions these microorganisms may find a favorable environment for germination and growth that can lead to product deterioration.Thermal pasteurization is efficient in reducing the number of viable microorganisms in foods. However, to reduce the negative impacts of high temperature processes, alternative non-thermal technologies as efficient as thermal pasteurization ones, but with minor impacts on the products quality features, are promising fields of investigation. Ultrasound is capable of inducing cavitation to inactivate microorganisms in foods. However, as a preservation method, application of ultrasound alone is not efficient enough to kill all microorganisms. Combining ultrasound with a heat treatment (thermosonication, TS)may decrease the time for a target microbial inactivation, depending on the ultrasound wave’samplitude, composition and volume of food to process and temperature selected.Mathematical modelling of the kinetics of thermosonicated juices would allow to understand the impact of the process and predict microbial survival in treated juices.The objective was to study the influence of ultrasounds(35 kHz frequency,120-480 W power levels)andcombinations with thermaltreatments (70, 80, 85, 90 and 95ºC) on A. acidoterrestrisspores inactivation in apple juices. Commercially available juices were artificially inoculated with the bacteriumand the juices were then exposed to the treatments. A Weibull model wassuccessfullyfitted to A. acidoterrestrissporesinactivation as function of thermosonication exposuretimes. Results showed that ultrasounds alone had no significant effect on spores’inactivation. However, when combined with temperature, a higher reduction of spores’ loads was observed. As temperature increased, inactivation rates increased(from 0.005±0.0002 min-1at TS-70°C to 0.124±0.0140min-1at TS-95°C). When compared to thermal treatmentsapplied alone, thermosonication resulted in higher inactivation. For the highest temperature tested, thermosonicatedsamples had a reduction of 5 log-cycles after 20 minutes, while in thermal treated samples at 95 ºC for the same time, only 3 log-cycles reduction was observed.Overall it can be concluded that thermosonication treatments havesignificant impacts on the loads of A. acidoterrestrisin apple juices and the kinetic Weibull model applied will allow to design efficient conditions for target decontaminations.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
Event10th International Conference on Predictive Modelling in Food -ICPMF10 - Cordoba, Spain
Duration: 26 Sep 201729 Sep 2017

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Predictive Modelling in Food -ICPMF10
Abbreviated titleICPMF10
Country/TerritorySpain
CityCordoba
Period26/09/1729/09/17

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