Molecular mobility, composition and structure analysis in glycerol plasticised chitosan films

Joana F. Fundo, Rui Fernandes, Pedro M. Almeida, Alexandra Carvalho, Gabriel Feio, Cristina L.M. Silva*, Mafalda A.C. Quintas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was developed with the purpose to investigate the effect of polysaccharide/plasticiser concentration on the microstructure and molecular dynamics of polymeric film systems, using transmission electron microscope imaging (TEM) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques. Experiments were carried out in chitosan/glycerol films prepared with solutions of different composition. The films obtained after drying and equilibration were characterised in terms of composition, thickness and water activity. Results show that glycerol quantities used in film forming solutions were responsible for films composition; while polymer/total plasticiser ratio in the solution determined the thickness (and thus structure) of the films. These results were confirmed by TEM. NMR allowed understanding the films molecular rearrangement. Two different behaviours for the two components analysed, water and glycerol were observed: the first is predominantly moving free in the matrix, while glycerol is mainly bounded to the chitosan chain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-8
Number of pages7
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Edible films
  • Microstructure
  • Molecular dynamics
  • NMR
  • Structure-function
  • Water behaviour

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