Morse taper dental implants and platform switching: The new paradigm in oral implantology

José Paulo Macedo, Jorge Pereira, Brendan R. Vahey, Bruno Henriques, Cesar A.M. Benfatti, Ricardo S. Magini, José López-López, Júlio C.M. Souza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review on the potential benefits with the use of Morse taper dental implant connections associated with small diameter platform switching abutments. A Medline bibliographical search (from 1961 to 2014) was carried out. The following search items were explored: "Bone loss and platform switching," "bone loss and implant-abutment joint," "bone resorption and platform switching," "bone resorption and implant-abutment joint," "Morse taper and platform switching." "Morse taper and implant-abutment joint," Morse taper and bone resorption," "crestal bone remodeling and implant-abutment joint," "crestal bone remodeling and platform switching." The selection criteria used for the article were: Meta-analysis; randomized controlled trials; prospective cohort studies; as well as reviews written in English, Portuguese, or Spanish languages. Within the 287 studies identified, 81 relevant and recent studies were selected. Results indicated a reduced occurrence of peri-implantitis and bone loss at the abutment/implant level associated with Morse taper implants and a reduced-diameter platform switching abutment. Extrapolation of data from previous studies indicates that Morse taper connections associated with platform switching have shown less inflammation and possible bone loss with the peri-implant soft tissues. However, more long-term studies are needed to confirm these trends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-154
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Dentistry
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone loss
  • Crestal bone remodeling
  • Implant-abutment connection
  • Morse taper
  • Platform switch
  • Platform switching

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