Natural antioxidant extracts produced from five microalgae species by enzymatic hydrolysis for application in anti-aging cosmetics

Sara A. Cunha, Ana Rita Costa-Pinto, Bruno Sarmento, Manuela E. Pintado

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION
Skin aging represents a huge concern in almost all cultures in the world. The excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) combined with a normal intrinsic reduced antioxidant activity are factors that deeply contribute to the aging process (1). Thus, it is important to develop strategies to decrease ROS production in the skin or reduce the damage caused by them. The valorisation of natural cosmetic ingredients and formulations in cosmetic industry has been increasing over the past few years. Microalgae, abundant and easy to produce, are described to be an interesting source of bioactive peptides with antioxidant properties (2). Therefore, this work aims to produce water soluble extracts from five different microalgae species with focus on their antioxidant activity to meet the increasing demand for natural cosmetic ingredients.

METHODS
Extracts were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis from the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris, Nannochloropsis oceanica, Tetraselmis sp., Senedesmus obliquus and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. First, microalgae were submitted to an incubation with cellulase - to weaken the cellular wall, followed by an incubation with a subtilisin protease to break proteins into smaller peptides. Prior to enzymatic hydrolysis, Chlorella vulgaris was first submitted to an acid hydrolysis with a weak acid. The protein content was determined by Kjeldahl method and the antioxidant activity was determined by ORAC and ABTS assays.


RESULTS
The extraction strategy resulted in high levels of hydrolysis with a yield of 44%, 30%, 16%, 52% and 36% of soluble protein for the microalgae Chlorella, Nannochloropsis, Tetraselmis, Senedesmus and Phaeodactylum, respectively. The results obtained for the ORAC were 400, 350, 150, 530 and 350 µM TE/g of extract, and the ABTS activity was 80, 57, 63, 80 and 82 µM TE/g of extract for Chlorella, Nannochloropsis, Tetraselmis, Senedesmus and Phaeodactylum, respectively.

CONCLUSION
The enzymatic hydrolysis allowed to produce extracts rich in proteins, with interesting antioxidant activity. The higher protein yield was obtained from the microalgae Chlorella (44%) and Senedesmus (52%), which coincides with the higher values of antioxidant activity. Therefore, the high protein content and the antioxidant activity of the enzymatic extracts from the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Senedesmus obliquus may be an interesting approach for the development of anti-aging ingredients.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Event3er Congreso Internacional de Biotecnología - Bolívia Innova 2021 - Online, Bolívia, Bolivia, Plurinational State of
Duration: 16 Jun 202120 Jun 2021

Conference

Conference3er Congreso Internacional de Biotecnología - Bolívia Innova 2021
Country/TerritoryBolivia, Plurinational State of
CityBolívia
Period16/06/2120/06/21

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Natural antioxidant extracts produced from five microalgae species by enzymatic hydrolysis for application in anti-aging cosmetics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this