It was Walter Benjamin who identified the figure of the narrator as the one who is just. But can the same be said of the reader? And following the same line of thinking, can we risk proposing the term justice to classify the practice of reading? It is this possibility that the present article tests, in the first part, sounding out the various modes of what might be called a ‘just reading’ – knowing that a reading that sets itself up as a ‘doing (of ) justice’ to the text will always be an open hermeneutic, a hermeneutic that accepts what is implicit in the sentence by the writer Maria Gabriela Llansol: “understanding a text is like understanding a dog”. The second part presents the development of narratology, in the course of the 20th century, seeing the creation of this methodological tool as an attempt at justice in relation to the text.