O controlo político das nomeações episcopais oitocentistas: a nomeação episcopal e cardinalícia do cardeal D. Américo, bispo do Porto

Translated title of the contribution: Nineteenth-century political control of episcopal appointment. The episcopal and cardinalitial appointment of Cardenal D. Américo, bishop of Oporto

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Abstract

The triumph of liberalism in Portugal in 1834 deeply affected the structure of the Church, so far connected with the absolute regime. The ecclesiastical institutions ended up being controlled by politicians who established a new order based on freedom. Such control also affected episcopal appointments, resulting in long diplomatic disputes between the Portuguese government and the Holy See, because they did not always agree on the profile of the candidates. This study focusses on D. Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva, Bishop of Oporto (1871-1899). First, the work considers his episcopal appointment, which lasted nearly two years, between 1869 and 1871. Then it analyses his royal appointment as “cardinal of the crown” after two years of negotiations (1877-1879). This episode is particularly relevant because it shows the new Roman attitude towards Portuguese civil institutions during the pontificate of Leo XIII. In both cases, Portuguese government pressures, Roman resistance to civil power, the Portuguese diplomacy and the personal ecclesiastical and political ability of D. Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva played a key role.
Translated title of the contributionNineteenth-century political control of episcopal appointment. The episcopal and cardinalitial appointment of Cardenal D. Américo, bishop of Oporto
Original languagePortuguese
Title of host publicationDa igreja do antigo regime à igreja na época liberal
Subtitle of host publicationa propósito do duplo centenário da revolução liberal de 1820
EditorsAdélio Fernando Abreu, Luís Carlos Amaral
Place of PublicationLisboa
PublisherUniversidade Católica Portuguesa
Pages137-177
Number of pages41
ISBN (Print)9789895328796
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameEstudos de História Religiosa
Number34

Keywords

  • Episcopal appointments
  • Diocese of Oporto
  • D. Américo
  • Liberalism
  • Regalism

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