The emergence of humankind in the chain of the evolution of species marks an ontological leap. While Biblical anthropology underlines the difference between Man in relation to matter and the other animals (since he is in the image of God), evolutionary theories, on the other hand, show the relationship of Man to Animal, in the phylum of primates. The present article seeks to establish a dialogue with evolutionary theories, without the need to compromise the specificity of Christian anthropology. Within the context of evolutionary continuity occurs an ontological discontinuity, expressed traditionally through the concept of ‘soul’ (the ontological moment that configures material in human form). While still animal, Man is God’s personal creation, a relational happening. He is, after all, the only animal capable of giving a name to things and of trying to decipher the enigma of his life and his origin.