Danos ocupacionais associados ao crómio, com ênfase no setor da conservação e restauro de obras de arte

Translated title of the contribution: Occupational damage associated with chromium, enfatising on conservators-restorers of art objects

M. Santos, A. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Introduction and Objective The Conservation and Restoration sector has not yet been fully or comprehensively addressed by Occupational Health, so there are several knowledge gaps. The authors aimed to collect and summarize all the information they found on the topic. The main risks associated with Chromium are spread across a variety of medical settings (albeit with different consensos) on cardiovascular, nephrological, hepatic, oncological, dermatological, otorhinolaryngological, pneumological, ophthalmic and haematological pathology. Methodology A survey was conducted in January 2019, considering Scopus search engines; PubMed / MedLine; Web of Science; Science Direct; Academic Search Complete; CINALH; Database of Abstracts and Reviews; Central Register of Controlled Trials; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Nursing and Allied Health Collection; MedicLatina and RCAAP. Content / Results and Discussion No documents were found mentioning details concerning Chromium toxicity in this sector. For other professional areas information was scarce. Workers in the glass industry may also be exposed as well as in metallurgy/ welding and the chemical industry. Limitations The authors made efforts to try to make their research exhaustive but, once completed, they realised that they did not find relevant data on Chromium dosing in Conservation and Restoration work environments, nor an indication of which techniques can be used and which are the preferred ones, including biological evaluation. No articles were found describing collective or individual protection measures, even in a generic way. Conclusions Concrete and serious harms associated with Chromium have long been known. However, the Conservation and Restoration sector is still very little studied in the context of Occupational Health and the risks of eventual contact with this agent are no exception. It would be very pertinent to have motivated teams to study this sector and to address some of the limitations not developed in the international literature.
Translated title of the contributionOccupational damage associated with chromium, enfatising on conservators-restorers of art objects
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Saúde Ocupacional
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2020


  • Conservation
  • Restoration
  • Conservator-restorer
  • Occupational health
  • Occupational medicine
  • Chromium


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