Saúde ocupacional aplicada ao trabalho hiperbárico

Translated title of the contribution: Occupational health applied to hyperbaric work

M. Santos, C. Lopes, T. Oliveira, A. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction / framework / objectives Scuba diving as a professional task will involve working in diving lessons, tourism, shipbuilding, maintenance of maritime platforms, researcher (biology, climatology, archeology, history, being a fisherman or plant collector. Methodology This is an Integrative Bibliographic Review, initiated through a survey conducted in August 2018 in the databases “CINALH plus with full text, Medline with full text, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Methodology Register, Nursing and Allied Health Collection: comprehensive, MedicLatina, Academic Search Complete and RCAAP “. Content Barotrauma is the damage that arises in tissues as a function of pressure; this is avoided if homogenization of the pressure of the air pockets and the environment occurs. If this does not occur, serohematic transudation or even bleeding into the pneumatized cavities may occur to normalize the pressure. Going to the surface, the air expands in the pneumatized cavities and if this excess volume of air is not released, barotrauma will also result. Barotraumatism can thus exist in the ascent, although in the middle ear, for example, it is more frequent in descent. The body’s response to the pressure difference will depend on its constitution: solid, liquid or gas. Conclusions In none of the consulted documents was a complete view of occupational health applied to this sector, although some of the studies are very exhaustive in the physics of diving and their physiological alterations, mainly associated with barotraumatism and decompression sickness. With this review and reflection the authors tried to list the risks / risk factors and measures of protection.
Translated title of the contributionOccupational health applied to hyperbaric work
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Saúde Ocupacional
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Hyperbaric work
  • Diving
  • Occupational health
  • Worker health
  • Occupational medicine

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