Optimizing resource usage in an unobtrusive way through smart aggregation: the case of electric vehicle charging in Amsterdam

Kees Van Montfort*, Halldora Thorsdottir, René Bohnsack

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The increasing popularity of electric vehicles (EVs) is known to amplify the already present peaks in electricity demand. The possibility to remotely control and influence the charging of many EVs using the Internet of Things (IoT) via an aggregator has been proposed to optimize resource usage, to alleviate peak problems, and to exploit revenues that may be harnessed from fluctuating electricity prices. However, so far, the potential hinged on the acceptance of users, particularly the willingness to change their charging behavior. In this study, we develop an unobtrusive and easily implementable optimization method. Its effectiveness is tested on 360,000 charging sessions at public charging points in Amsterdam during the year 2015, providing a realistic assessment of the effects of optimization in terms of reduced costs, change in peak demand, and long occupancy of charging points. Based on the model, an average reduction of electricity costs between 20% and 30% can be achieved, depending on the day of the week. We also show that changing EV owner’s charging preferences such as starting earlier or later can benefit certain groups of EV drivers substantially and reduce electricity charging costs up to 35%.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegulations in the energy industry
Subtitle of host publicationfinancial, economic and legal implications
EditorsAndré Dorsman, Özgür Arslan-Ayaydin, James Thewissen
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9783030322960
ISBN (Print)9783030322953
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Electric vehicles
  • Optimization
  • Smart charging


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