Ultraje, exílio e salvação: Filoctetes e José do Egipto

Translated title of the contribution: Outrage, exile and salvation: Philoctetes and Joseph of Egypt

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The image of Philoctetes, whose core is grounded on the tragic rendering by Sophocles, can be obsessively found throughout Greek Literature, along a wide temporal axis, since the very beginnings, with the Homeric Poems, until the end, in the 9thcentury, with Photius of Con-stantinople. Away from the comfort of his homeland, due to the aristocratic obligation of defending the honour of his peers, and wounded both by the gods and by the disloyalty of his companions, Philoctetes is forced to live an exceptional major exile, often considered to be his own death. Overwhelmed and isolated in Lemnos, he is to remain there until prophetic signs demand the Achaeans his peaceful reintegration in order to grant the armed conflict in Troy a definitive solution.Similar features are found namely in 37 Genesis (and following). In this biblical narrative, framed by a genealogical history of family betrayals, Joseph, the favourite son of Jacob, and a victim of his siblings’ contempt, was forced to embrace the exile – endured by himself as orphanage and by his family as mourning – far from home and away from fatherly love, until divine decision bestoes upon him the salvation of those who have outraged him.We therefore intend to carry out a symbolic reading of guilt and salvation as presented in both narratives afore-mentioned. We shall frame this reading within a common mythical typology, supported by mythemes such as outrage and exile.
Translated title of the contributionOutrage, exile and salvation: Philoctetes and Joseph of Egypt
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)121-134
JournalForma Breve
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Philoctetes
  • Joseph of Egypt
  • Memory
  • Salvation
  • Biblical tradition
  • Greek mythical tradition


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