P24 Family proteins are involved in transport to the plasma membrane of gpi-anchored proteins in plants

César Bernat-Silvestre, Vanessa De Sousa Vieira, Judit Sanchez-Simarro, Noelia Pastor-Cantizano, Chris Hawes, Mariá Jesús Marcote, Fernando Aniento*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


p24 proteins are a family of type-I membrane proteins that cycle between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus via Coat Protein I (COPI)- A nd COPII-coated vesicles. These proteins have been proposed to function as cargo receptors, but the identity of putative cargos in plants is still elusive. We previously generated an Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) quadruple loss-of-function mutant affecting p24 genes from the d-1 subclass of the p24 delta subfamily (p24d3d4d5d6 mutant). This mutant also had reduced protein levels of other p24 family proteins and was found to be sensitive to salt stress. Here, we used this mutant to test the possible involvement of p24 proteins in the transport to the plasma membrane of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins. We found that GPI-anchored proteins mostly localized to the ER in p24d3d4d5d6 mutant cells, in contrast to plasma membrane proteins with other types of membrane attachment. The plasma membrane localization of GPI-anchored proteins was restored in the p24d3d4d5d6 mutant upon transient expression of a single member of the p24 d-1 subclass, RFP-p24d5, which was dependent on the coiled-coil domain in p24d5. The coiled-coil domain was also important for a direct interaction between p24d5 and the GPI-anchored protein arabinogalactan protein4 (AGP4). These results suggest that Arabidopsis p24 proteins are involved in ER export and transport to the plasma membrane of GPI-anchored proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333-1347
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes


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