Paper2 for IMISCOE Annual Conference 2023: “Migratory Justice and Global Inequalities: The New Juridico-Political Category of Climate Refugees”.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

In this study, I will examine IOM’s recurrent stance on how more measures are
needed to protect climate migrants and climate refugees around the world and
its relationships with both new research lines on climate migrants being created
and developed by migration research institutes around the globe (from New
Zealand to Germany and Canada) and the debate around the need for the
recognition of a new juridico-political category (or a specific juridical
protection status): the so-called “climate refugees”. The concept of climate
refugees corresponds to a new juridico-political category, or to a specific
protection status, which is still not internationally recognized nor harmonized.
This discussion has been deepened over the last few years, in the face of: a large
number of natural disasters and other ecological and environmental
catastrophes, as well as more visible, mediatized and increased migratory
movements associated with them (Berchin et al., 2017; Carević and Novokmet,
2021; Hiraide, 2022). This is a qualitative and interpretative research, based on
extensive literature review on this topic, content, legal, document and critical
analysis. I argue that integral human development (IHD, 1967-2018) and its
correlative concept of integral ecology (Francis, 2015; Hodges et al., 2018) can
provide a useful framework to rethink and expand, in a more comprehensive and
humanist manner, the concept of “climate refugees”. Additionally, several
authors point out that a leading role could (and should) be taken by the European
Union in determining the international recognition of the new juridico-political
category of “climate refugees”. Pondering the contributions by Wilcox (2021),
Brock (2019), Rockström et al. (2009), Steffen et al. (2015), De Tavernier &
Ndubueze (2020) and the glossary MECLEP (2014), I conclude by proposing
my own personal definition for the new juridico-political category of “climate
refugee”
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IMISCOE Annual Conference 2023
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IMISCOE Annual Conference 2023

Keywords

  • Migratory justice
  • Global inequalities
  • Climate refugees
  • Climate change

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