Parental mediation of the use of the internet: a psychometric study with Portuguese pre-adolescents

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Individuals start using technological resources, among which the Internet, increasingly earlier in life. Parents are currently challenged to mediate the use of technologies by their sons/daughters, while simultaneously fostering their autonomy and self-regulation. Parental mediation of offspring’s use of the Internet is needed, given its acknowledged risks. This study intends to offer preliminary psychometric evidence on the adaptation and validation of the Parental Mediation Scale (PMS) with Portuguese pre-adolescents. A total of 355 pre-adolescents (55.2% female) aged 10–13 years old (M = 11.20, DP = 0.93) from northern Portugal participated in this study. The PMS was translated from Castilian to Portuguese by two experts in the field and in both languages. Participants completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Portuguese PMS version on paper, in groups, and in the classroom setting. Results from confirmatory factor analyses suggested that a revised bi-dimensional measurement model yielded an adequate fit to the sample. Cronbach’s alpha of 0.82 was found for the active/participated mediation and the restrictive mediation PMS subscales. Variations in parental mediation for participants’ sex, and statistically significant relations with participants’ age, use of the Internet, and parents’ educational levels were found. Future studies might recruit broader samples in terms of age, school levels, and geographic areas to add evidence on the psychometric properties of the Portuguese PMS version. Nonetheless, this study might stimulate empirical and practical attention to parental mediation of sons/daughters’ use of the Internet.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerspectives and trends in education and technology
Subtitle of host publicationselected papers from ICITED 2021
EditorsAnabela Mesquita, António Abreu, João Vidal Carvalho
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9789811650635
ISBN (Print)9789811650628
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventICITED 2021 - International Conference in Information Technology & Education - São Paulo, Brazil
Duration: 15 Jul 202117 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameSmart Innovation, Systems and Technologies
ISSN (Print)2190-3018
ISSN (Electronic)2190-3026


ConferenceICITED 2021 - International Conference in Information Technology & Education
CitySão Paulo


  • Measurement
  • Parental mediation
  • Use of the internet


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