Introduction and Aims: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is increasingly used as a treatment option for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) lesions. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcome of patients undergoing ULMCA PCI. Methods and Results: We retrospectively analyzed 95 consecutive patients (median EuroSCORE I 2.9 [IQR 1.4;6.1]) who underwent ULMCA PCI between 1999 and 2006, included in a single-center prospective registry. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI) and target lesion revascularization (TLR) at five years. Forty patients (42.1%) were treated in the setting of acute coronary syndrome and 81 patients (85%) had at least one additional significant lesion (SYNTAX score 24.2±11.8). Single ULMCA PCI was performed in 33% (81.1% with drug-eluting stents) and com-plete functional revascularization was achieved in 79% of the patients. During the observation period, 20 patients died (21.1%), 6 (6.3%) had MI and 11 (11.6%) had TLR (total combined MACE 28.4%). Independent predictors of MACE were previous MI (HR 2.9 95% CI 1.23-6.92; p=0.015), hypertension (HR 5.7 95% CI 1.86-17.47; p=0.002) and the EuroSCORE I (HR 1.1 95% CI 1.03-1.12; p=0.001). Drug-eluting stent implantation was associated with a significantly lower MACE rate, even after propensity score adjustment (AUC=0.84; HR [corrected] 0.1; 95% CI 0.04-0.26; p<0.001). Conclusions: Unprotected left main percutaneous coronary intervention, particularly using drug-eluting stents, can be considered a valid alternative to coronary artery bypass grafting, especially in high-risk surgical patients and with favorable anatomic features.
|Translated title of the contribution||Intervenção coronária percutânea do tronco comum não protegido: resultados aos cinco anos de um registo de centro único|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2013|
- Unprotected left main
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Drug-eluting stents