Perfectionism and sleep disturbance

Maria Helena Pinto de Azevedo*, Maria João Soares, Carvalho Sandra Bos, Ana Allen Gomes, Berta Maia, Mariana Marques, Ana Telma Pereira, António Macedo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The main purpose of the present research was to explore gender-related associations between sleep disturbance and perfectionism dimensions in a large sample of undergraduate students. Perfectionism dimensions have been assessed using the Portuguese version of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt and Flett, 1991, J Pers Soc Psychol 60:456; Soares et al., 2003, Rev Port Psicossom 5:46) and sleep disturbance with two items concerning difficulties initiating sleep and difficulties maintaining sleep. A total of 1163 undergraduate students of both genders between 17 and 25 years of age completed the scale. Results from correlational and categorial analyses indicated that socially prescribed perfectionism was the only dimension associated with sleep disturbance in undergraduate students of both genders. Males with the highest levels of socially prescribed perfectionism were approximately twice more likely to report sleep disturbances than those with less socially prescribed perfectionism. Similar results were found within the female sample. Implications for future research and clinical practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Other-oriented perfectionism
  • Self-oriented perfectionism
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Socially prescribed perfectionism
  • University students


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