Performance of bacterial nanocellulose packaging film functionalised in situ with zinc oxide: migration onto chicken skin and antimicrobial activity

Francisco A. G. Soares Silva, Teresa Bento de Carvalho, Fernando Dourado, Miguel Gama, Paula Teixeira, Fátima Poças*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads

Abstract

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) are cost-effective antimicrobial agents with great potential for the active packaging industry. Bacterial NanoCellulose (BNC) features a porous fibre network, with high absorption capacity, flexible and with good mechanical properties, suitable as a carrier of active agents. In this work, BNCZnO films were developed and optimized regarding the particle size and ZnO concentration. The NaOH dropwise addition to BNC membranes immersed in Zn(CH3COO)2-PVOH enabled the production of ZnO nanoparticles with an z-average of 144 nm and a low polydispersity index. High ZnO incorporation (∼27%mZn/mBNCZnO) was obtained, with uniform distribution all over the BNC membranes. These composites were then characterized and evaluated for Zn migration using food simulants (10%, 20%, and 50% ethanol) with results lower than the limit. Migration into chicken skin, as a real food model, was low at 4 °C but exceeded the migration limit at 10 and 22 °C. Zn migration was also found to be temperature and pH dependent. When applied to chicken skin, BNCZnO was effective against E. coli, Salmonella (0.5–1.0 log reduction), and Campylobacter spp. (2.0 log reduction), indicating its potential for active packaging applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101140
Number of pages11
JournalFood Packaging and Shelf Life
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Active packaging
  • Bacterial nanocellulose
  • Migration
  • Nanoparticles
  • Zinc oxide

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