Peripheral venipuncture in elderly patients: is near-infrared light technology an option to avoid vein depletion?

Paulo Santos-Costa*, Liliana B. Sousa, Beatriz Serambeque, Rafael Bernardes, Pedro Parreira, Anabela Salgueiro-Oliveira, Margarida Vieira, João Graveto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Peripheral venipuncture is the minimal invasive procedure most commonly performed in acute settings. However, several publications report that health professionals perform multiple puncture attempts until a successful catheterization or blood draw is achieved. Among the patients most affected by this reality are the elderly patients, who often display a number of factors that increase difficulty. In recent years, several recent technological aids, such as the Near-Infrared Light, have emerged in the medical devices market as potential facilitators of vein selection and puncture. However, while Near-Infrared Light devices are widely studied in pediatric settings, there are no known reviews of its use and applicability with elderly patients. Methods: A scoping review of the literature was conducted following the Joanna Briggs Institute method. Study relevance, data extraction, and synthesis were performed by two independent reviewers. Results: Three studies were included in this review. The use of NIR technology may improve the number of peripheral veins located in elderly patients, as well as reduce hematoma development and patient anxiety before, during and after the procedure. Moreover, one study briefly explored health professionals’ usability and technology acceptance related outcomes. Conclusions: While peripheral venipuncture of elderly patients assisted by NIR devices is still an understudied area, the studies found indicated results favorable to its clinical application. However, such results should be carefully analyzed, since potential bias and lack of larger study samples may prevent the generalization of the results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGerontechnology - 2nd International Workshop, IWoG 2019, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsJosé García-Alonso, César Fonseca
PublisherSpringer Boston
Pages99-108
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030414931
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event2nd International Workshop on Gerontechnology, IWoG 2019 - Cáceres, Spain
Duration: 4 Sep 20195 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
Volume1185 CCIS
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937

Conference

Conference2nd International Workshop on Gerontechnology, IWoG 2019
Country/TerritorySpain
CityCáceres
Period4/09/195/09/19

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Near-Infrared Light
  • Peripheral venipuncture

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