Polish version of the negative attitude toward robots scale (NARS-PL)

Grzegorz Pochwatko*, Jean Christophe Giger, Monika Różańska-Walczuk, Justyna Świdrak, Krzysztof Kukiełka, Jakub Możaryn, Nuno Piçarra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the Polish adaptation of the Negative Attitude toward Robots Scale (NARS-PL), primarily created by Nomura et al. (2004). 213 individuals participated in the study (49 professionals and 164 nonprofessionals). The Polish version obtained satisfactory psychometric properties for a two-factor structure. Both subscales, the Negative Attitudes toward Robots that Display Human Traits (NARHT) and the Negative Attitudes toward Interactions with Robots (NATIR) possess good internal consistency. Effects of participant gender and robot’s appearance were found. Theory consistent relationships between attitude toward robots, belief in human nature uniqueness and robots’ human-likeness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Automation, Mobile Robotics and Intelligent Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Acceptance of robots
  • Anthropomorphism
  • Human uniqueness
  • Human-robot interaction
  • Social robots


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