Polissemia e contexto: o problema duro da diferenciação de sentidos

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Abstract

From all the issues related to the phenomenon of polysemy, meaning differentiation is probably the hardest problem and also the one with greater theoretical and methodological implications. An attempt to solve the problem would be to discard the widespread reified conception of linguistic meaning and interpret the flexibility and contextuality of meaning correctly. It is necessary to push the meaning to the top, i.e. to the level of schematic meanings and of other factors of semantic coherence, but also to push it to the bottom, i.e. to the level of particular contextual uses. The verb deixar ‘to leave, to let’ and the discourse marker pronto ‘ready, quick’ illustrate these two semantic paths. This way, we can avoid both the myth of “essential meanings” and the myth of “purely contextual uses”.
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to) 353-367
JournalEstudos Linguísticos/ Linguistic Studies. Revista do Centro de Linguística da Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Lexical semantics
  • Meaning differentiation
  • Network
  • Polysemy
  • Vagueness

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