Prevalence and localization of gengival recessions in a sample of Portuguese adults

João Lapa, Nélio J. Veiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gingival recession is a clinical condition defined as the attachment loss that results in apical migration of the free gingival margin. We intend to determine the prevalence of recession depending on its etiology and possible complications that may outcome in a sample of patients that attended a dental appointment at the University Clinic of Portuguese Catholic University in Viseu, Portugal. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study where we assessed a sample of 101 patients at the University Clinic of Portuguese Catholic University in Viseu, Portugal with a mean age of 23.11 ± 2.23 years old. The participants were subjected to a questionnaire regarding issues related to risk factors associated with gingival recessions and a clinical intra-oral examination was performed in order to identify and measure gingival recession and assess possible etiological factors. Results: The prevalence of recession was 85.1%, of which 24.8% had recessions with more than 3mm. Among the individuals with gingival recessions, the presence of vestibular recessions was 97.7% and palatal / lingual recessions was 54.2%. We also found that there is a higher prevalence of gingival recession on the left side of the jaw and in the lower incisors. Conclusions: Although further studies are needed and a more representative sample should me studied, we conclude that the majority of the analyzed sample have correct oral health behaviors, however, some need to be modified as the understanding of the need to change certain habits to prevent gingival recession development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-182
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Scientific Research
Volume3
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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