Alterations in the normal sleep patten are common in Intensive United Care patients and it can lead to phsycological and physiological disfunctions which increase morbidity and hence mortality. Purpose: identify interventions to promote sleep and confort in patients in a critical state. Methods: a study has been carried out which consists in systematic literature revision and has taken place where eleven items were selected. Results: the sleep privation is based on a multifactorial etiology where evidence shows that the main causes mainly focus on inherent aspects of the environment and health professionals` behavior. Conclusions: The interventions to be implemented aim at providing an environment that endure sleep and it recognizes its role in the patient’s recuperation: stabilizing the nightly environment, reducing conversations between staff, reducing lights and the volume of the alarm calls and promoting relaxation techniques through massage, music therapy, therapeutic touch, mental image and relaxation.
- Critical patients
- Sleep promotion and confort