Protective and vulnerability factors of municipal workers' mental health: a cross-sectional study

Francisco Sampaio, Joana Coelho, Patrícia Gonçalves, Carlos Sequeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review



Work is fundamental to an individual's mental health; however, an unfavourable work environment can lead to mental health problems. Despite existing studies addressing workers' mental health, it is essential to understand the reality of specific contexts to design effective tailored interventions. Thus, this study aimed to examine the influence of potential protective and vulnerability factors on municipal workers' depressive symptoms, anxiety and stress levels, and burnout. A cross-sectional study was conducted with data collection performed between July and December 2021 using online self-report measures. The sample comprised 115 municipal workers. The findings revealed that psychological vulnerability is a significant vulnerability factor for the presence of mental health symptoms. In addition, job satisfaction was found to be a significant protective factor for depressive symptoms, anxiety, and burnout of the municipal workers. The results of this study enhance the understanding of factors that influence worker mental health, which may facilitate the proper planning of specific interventions to promote mental health in the workplace.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14256
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2022


  • Cross-sectional studies
  • Mental health
  • Occupational groups
  • Protective factors


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