Psychosocial risks of relief professionals: violence in pre-hospital settings

Ana Sá Fernandes*, Luís Sá

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Violence is a severe psychosocial risk in the workplace, but it is little studied in the area of pre-hospital care. It represents a concern for professionals. Objective: To know the point of view of chief officers on workplace violence in a pre-hospital setting against firefighters. Methodology: A study of a qualitative nature using the Delphi method with semi-structured interviews and content analysis, taking place between May and December 2017. Twenty-four interviews were conducted at the national level. Results: The chief officers considered that violence episodes occur frequently. Although there were reports of physical violence, psychological violence was the most significant. Conclusion: Violence against firefighters occurs daily, but underreporting undermines understanding the real extent of the problem.
Translated title of the contributionRiscos psicossociais dos profissionais de socorro: a violência em contexto pré-hospitalar
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Firefighters
  • Prehospital care
  • Workplace violence


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