Qualidade de vida e bem-estar de jovens adultos à entrada do Ensino Superior Militar

Beatriz Matos, Renato Pessoa dos Santos, Rita Francisco, Sandra Oliveira Almeida

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Abstract

Entry into military higher education poses new challenges and demands, both due to its military regime and internship. The quality of life of university students has been a concern for institutions, and the objective of this study is to understand the relationships between coping strategies, global well-being and quality of life associated with a stress-potentiating event, the Military Aptitude Test (MAT). Participated in the study all candidates for Military Academy (MA) in the academic year 2019/2020 (N = 166), between 17 and 24 years old (M = 18.78; SD = 1.53), mostly male (82.5%) and candidates for Military Science courses (63.2%). Participants filled out self-report instruments to assess global wellbeing (Flourishing scale), coping strategies (Incope-2R) and quality of life (EUROHIS-QOL-8). The results showed correlations between several coping strategies (e.g., rumination, problem solving), global wellbeing, and quality of life. Through a hierarchical multiple linear regression, the gender of the participants (female), the perception of quality of life and the reduced use of avoidance as a coping strategy were identified as predictors of global well-being. Taken together, these variables explain 36.8% of the variance in well-being of candidates for MA. The use and promotion of appropriate coping strategies will allow a positive adaptation to MAT and, consequently, a positive impact on the well-being and mental health of students in military higher education, and may be the focus of preventive interventions in this phase of life.
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)101-121
Number of pages21
JournalProelium
Volume8
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Military higher education
  • Military aptitude test
  • Quality of life
  • Well- being
  • Coping strategies

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