Quality changes of frozen broccoli stored at different temperatures

Elsa M. Gonçalves, Joaquina Pinheiro, Marta Abreu, Joana Fundo, Teresa R. S. Brandão, Cristina L. M. Silva

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review



Freezing is an efficient food preservation process. However, when temperature is not conveniently selected and controlled, products may suffer significant quality losses, thus affecting consumers’ acceptability. The objective of this study was to evaluate broccoli quality changes along storage under frozen conditions, and to estimate kinetic parameters of quality attributes changes. Broccoli samples (Brassica oleracea L.), after blanching at 100 ºC for 30s were frozen at -35 ºC for 30min (vertical freezer - Refriger) and stored under four different temperatures (-7, -15, -25 and -80 ºC), for a total of 120 days. Samples were collected in different time periods and quality parameters, such as colour (Minolta CR-300 colorimeter; CIE L*a*b* scale), texture (TA-Hdi texture analyser – Stable Micro System), ascorbic acid and water loss during defrost were evaluated. Results revealed that broccoli became softer and lost greenness throughout storage time. Ascorbic acid content decreased and water loss increased. Quality changes were more evident at the highest storage temperature of -7 ºC. Experimental data of quality attributes changes were successfully described by first order kinetic models, with an Arrhenius-type parameters temperature dependence.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Event2006 EFFoST Annual Meeting - Total Food 2006: Sustainability of the Agri-Food Chain - Haia, Netherlands
Duration: 7 Nov 20069 Nov 2006


Conference2006 EFFoST Annual Meeting - Total Food 2006


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