Quedas dos doentes internados em serviços hospitalares, associação com os grupos terapêuticos

Translated title of the contribution: Falls of patients admitted to hospital, association with medication

Maria Costa-Dias, Alexandre Oliveira, Cristina Moreira, Ana Santos, Teresa Martins, Fátima Araújo

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Abstract

The causes of falls are multifactorial and medications make a significant contribution. The objective of this study is to explore the association between medications and falls and recurrent falls (n ≥ 2) in the hospitalization period in a large hospital in Lisbon between June 2008 and December 2010. Its design is retrospective, using a sample of 214 episodes of fall event notification from 190 patients. Through the technique of face-to-face consensus, the treatment groups to be investigated emerged. In the data analysis we used the Student’s t test, ANOVA and Odds Ratio. Patients taking medications associated with risk of falling are 10 times more likely to have fall risk (OR=9.90;95%CI;1.61-60.63), especially when taking medications from groups affecting the central nervous system. An association was found between falls and their recurrence and being medicated with haloperidol (OR=6,09;95%CI;1,30-28,54) (OR=3,32;95%CI;1,61-6,85).This study allowed identification of factors that nurses should consider when prescribing interventions to prevent falls and their recurrence when patients are admitted to acute care hospitals.
Translated title of the contributionFalls of patients admitted to hospital, association with medication
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalReferência
Volume3
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Accidental falls
  • Adult
  • Hospital services
  • Pharmaceutical preparations

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