Rat olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (OM-MSCS): a characterization study

Rui D. Alvites, Mariana V. Branquinho, Ana R. Caseiro, Irina Amorim, Sílvia Santos Pedrosa, Alexandra Rêma, Fátima Faria, Beatriz Porto, Cláudia Oliveira, Paula Teixeira, Rui Magalhães, Stefano Geuna, Artur S. P. Varejão, Ana C. Maurício*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Stem/stromal cell-based therapies are a branch of regenerative medicine and stand as an attractive option to promote the repair of damaged or dysfunctional tissues and organs. Olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem/stromal cells have been regarded as a promising tool in regenerative therapies because of their several favorable properties such as multipotency, high proliferation rate, helpful location, and few associated ethical issues. These cells are easily accessible in the nasal cavity of most mammals, including the rat, can be easily applied in autologous treatments, and do not cope with most of the obstacles associated with the use of other stem cells. Despite this, its application in preclinical trials and in both human and animal patients is still limited because of the small number of studies performed so far and to the nonexistence of a standard and unambiguous protocol for collection, isolation, and therapeutic application. In the present work a validation of a protocol for isolation, culture, expansion, freezing, and thawing of olfactory mucosa mesenchymal stem/stromal cells was performed, applied to the rat model, as well as a biological characterization of these cells. To investigate the therapeutic potential of OM-MSCs and their eventual safe application in preclinical trials, the main characteristics of OMSC stemness were addressed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2938258
JournalInternational Journal of Cell Biology
Volume2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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