Remote work and human resources challenges from the Covid-19 pandemic scenario: the cases of Italy and Portugal

Margarida Piteira, Sara Cervai, Rosana Duarte, Kiall Hildred, Joana Carneiro Pinto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

This study presents the preliminary results of a European project (EURECA) being carried out in Italy and Portugal. One of its aims is to understand the role of remote work arising from the recent pandemic. The question that drove this research was: What is the role of remote work resulting from the emergent changes of the 2019 pandemic scenario in Portuguese and Italian organisations?. Case studies were used as the methodological approach, and the qualitative and inductive work directed the research, guided by the assumptions of practice-based theory. Thus, interviews were conducted with human resource managers and/or directors of companies/public institutions. So far, the sample comprises 16 organisations. The results show that before the crisis, which lasted about two years, most organisations did not engage in remote work. Afterwards, human resources practices had to adapt to this new reality, and hybrid work (a combination of remote and face-to-face work) is currently present in most of the organisations studied. New challenges are also appearing in this area, including new information systems, career management, and training and performance evaluation, among others. Hence, this new model of work design also brings new challenges to organisations and management. The implications pressing issue are several: practical (for management and organisations); theoretical (new inputs on HR practices, remote working and change management); and methodological (reinforcing the importance of case studies and practice-based theory in a comparative analysis of the Portuguese and Italian contexts). Avenues for further research are also proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 24th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2023
EditorsFlorinda Matos, Alvaro Rosa
Place of PublicationReading
PublisherAcademic Conferences and Publishing International Limited
Pages1074-1083
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781914587795
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sept 2023
Event24th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2023 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 7 Sept 20238 Sept 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM
Volume2
ISSN (Print)2048-8963
ISSN (Electronic)2048-8971

Conference

Conference24th European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM 2023
Country/TerritoryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period7/09/238/09/23

Keywords

  • Case study
  • Covid-19 pandemic
  • EURECA project
  • Human resources challenges
  • Italy
  • Portugal
  • Remote work

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