Responses presented by adult patients with COVID-19, based on the formulated nursing diagnoses: a scoping review

Vanessa Cortinhal*, António Pereira, Sofia Correia, Sérgio Deodato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


(1) Background: this review aims to identify the human responses exhibited by adult patients with COVID-19, by listing the corresponding nursing diagnoses. Nursing diagnosis it's a clinical analysis of human responses to a person, family, or community. Therefore, it is possible to state that nursing diagnoses represent human responses. (2) Methods: a scoping review was conducted following recommendations provided by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) and the research was carried out between December 2020 and 15 January, 2021, via CINAHL Complete, Complementary Index, MEDLINE, Science Direct, Academic Search Complete, Science Citation Index, Directory of Open Access Journals, Scopus, Social Sciences Citation Index, Business Source Complete, eBook Index (by B-on), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (by Cochrane Library). (3) Results: with respect to studies using the NANDA-I taxonomy, the findings have shown that "impaired gas exchange" was the most highlighted nursing diagnosis. ICNP taxonomy, the relevant nursing diagnosis is "cough present". (4) Conclusions: concurrently, as suggested by the human responses documented in this review, throughout the pandemic, the requirements for adequate care provision have been constantly updated, to improve the quality of life of those patients, as much as possible.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6332
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


  • Adult patients
  • Coronavirus
  • Human responses
  • Nursing
  • Nursing diagnoses


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