Saccharospirillum correiae sp. nov., an endophytic bacterium isolated from the halophyte halimione portulacoides

Cátia Fidalgo, Jaqueline Rocha, Diogo Neves Proença, Paula Vasconcelos Morais, Artur Alves*, Isabel Henriques

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


A Gram-stain negative, oxidase- and catalase- positive, motile, aerobic, non-pigmented spirillum, designated CPA1T, was isolated from the surface-sterilized tissues of a halophyte, Halimione portulacoides, collected from a salt marsh in Aveiro, Portugal. The isolate was mesophilic, facultatively alkaliphilic and halophilic, and grew between 18 and 42.5 °C (optimum 30 °C), from pH 5.0 to 11.5 (optimum 7.0-7.5), from 0.5 to 5 % NaCl (w/v, optimum 2 %). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that this strain belongs to the genus Saccharospirillum, as the highest sequence similarities were observed with Saccharospirillum impatiens EL-105T (96.46 %), Saccharospirillum salsuginis YIM-Y25T (96.32 %) and Saccharospirillum aestuariiIMCC 4453T (95.17 %). The next closest matches were with other genera and below 95.0 %. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the strain forms a robust clade with other species of the genus Saccharospirillum. The main respiratory quinone was Q-8 and the major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The DNA G+C content was 55.2 mol%. Molecular, physiological and biochemical differences between strain CPA1T and other type strains of species of the genus Saccharospirillum support the addition of this novel species to the genus, and the name Saccharospirillum correiae sp. nov. is proposed, with CPA1T (=CECT 9131T=LMG 29516T) as the type strain.
Original languageEnglish
Article number001914
Pages (from-to)2026-2030
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Endophytic
  • Halophytes
  • Saccharospirillaceae
  • Salt marsh
  • Taxonomy


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