Safety evaluation of food enzyme xylanase from a genetically modified Bacillus subtilis (strain LMG S-27588)

EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF), Maria de Fátima Tavares Poças, Ana Gomes

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Abstract

The food enzyme considered in this opinion is an endo-1,4-β-xylanase (4-β-d-xylan xylanohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.8) produced from the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis strain LMG S-27588 by the company Puratos N. V. The production strain was not detected in the food enzyme. The endo-1,4-β-xylanase is intended to be used in baking processes. Based on the maximum use levels recommended and individual consumption data from the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, dietary exposure to the food enzyme–total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 0.325 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day in European populations. Genotoxicity tests with the food enzyme indicated no genotoxic concern. The systemic toxicity was assessed by means of a repeated dose 90-day oral toxicity study in rodents. A no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) was derived (443 mg TOS/kg bw per day), which, compared with the dietary exposure, results in a sufficiently high margin of exposure. The allergenicity was evaluated by comparing the amino acid sequence to those of known allergens; no match was found. The Panel considered that there are no indications for food allergic reactions to this endo-1,4-β-xylanase by dietary exposure. Based on the genetic modifications, the manufacturing process, the compositional and biochemical data, the dietary exposure assessment, the findings in the toxicological studies and allergenicity assessment, the Panel concludes that this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use. The Panel noted that recombinant DNA was present in all batches of the food enzyme tested.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere05169
Number of pages19
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 4-β-d-xylan xylanohydrolase
  • Bacillus subtilis
  • EC 3.2.1.8
  • Endo-1,4-β-xylanase
  • Food enzyme
  • Genetically modified microorganism
  • Xylanase

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