Saturation-pulse prepared heart-rate independent inversion-recovery (SAPPHIRE) biventricular T1 mapping: inter-field strength, head-to-head comparison of diastolic, systolic and dark-blood measurements

Mashael Alfarih, João B. Augusto, Kristopher D. Knott, Nasri Fatih, M. Praveen Kumar, Redha Boubertakh, Alun D. Hughes, James C. Moon, Sebastian Weingärtner, Gabriella Captur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To assess the feasibility of biventricular SAPPHIRE T1 mapping in vivo across field strengths using diastolic, systolic and dark-blood (DB) approaches. Methods: 10 healthy volunteers underwent same-day non-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance at 1.5 Tesla (T) and 3 T. Left and right ventricular (LV, RV) T1 mapping was performed in the basal, mid and apical short axis using 4-variants of SAPPHIRE: diastolic, systolic, 0th and 2nd order motion-sensitized DB and conventional modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI). Results: LV global myocardial T1 times (1.5 T then 3 T results) were significantly longer by diastolic SAPPHIRE (1283 ± 11|1600 ± 17 ms) than any of the other SAPPHIRE variants: systolic (1239 ± 9|1595 ± 13 ms), 0th order DB (1241 ± 10|1596 ± 12) and 2nd order DB (1251 ± 11|1560 ± 20 ms, all p < 0.05). In the mid septum MOLLI and diastolic SAPPHIRE exhibited significant T1 signal contamination (longer T1) at the blood-myocardial interface not seen with the other 3 SAPPHIRE variants (all p < 0.025). Additionally, systolic, 0th order and 2nd order DB SAPPHIRE showed narrower dispersion of myocardial T1 times across the mid septum when compared to diastolic SAPPHIRE (interquartile ranges respectively: 25 ms, 71 ms, 73 ms vs 143 ms, all p < 0.05). RV T1 mapping was achievable using systolic, 0th and 2nd order DB SAPPHIRE but not with MOLLI or diastolic SAPPHIRE. All 4 SAPPHIRE variants showed excellent re-read reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficients 0.953 to 0.996). Conclusion: These small-scale preliminary healthy volunteer data suggest that DB SAPPHIRE has the potential to reduce partial volume effects at the blood-myocardial interface, and that systolic SAPPHIRE could be a feasible solution for right ventricular T1 mapping. Further work is needed to understand the robustness of these sequences and their potential clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalBMC Medical Imaging
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • MOLLI
  • SAPPHIRE
  • T1 mapping

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