School and family ecosystem: incentives and barriers to school–family communication

Fábio Botelho Guedes*, Ana Cerqueira, Alexandra Marques-Pinto, Amélia Branco, Cecília Galvão, Joana Sousa, Luis F. Goulao, Rosário Bronze, Wanda Viegas, Tania Gaspar, Carmen Moreno, Margarida Gaspar de Matos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of the study was to explore the factors and barriers related to the incentive and opportunity of school–family communication. This work is part of the HOUSE-Colégio F3 Project, ULisbon, which included 1,143 first-year university students from the University of Lisbon, with average age of 19.61 ± 3.96 years. The young people who had better communication with their parents, greater family support and better family relationship were the ones who reported greater incentives for school–family communication. School–family communication and relationship were associated with the incentives for school–family communication and greater parental monitoring. These results align with the literature stating that parents' communication and presence in all areas of young people's lives, including the school context, foster better social and family relationships and academic results. This result should not be read as a call for non-autonomy. Instead, it highlights that monitoring and supporting family presence promotes that autonomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12620
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Education
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • School ecosystem
  • School–family communication
  • School–family relationship
  • Youth


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