Screening of novel bioactive peptides from goat casein: in silico to in vitro validation

Ezequiel R. Coscueta*, Patrícia Batista, José Erick Galindo Gomes, Roberto da Silva, Maria Manuela Pintado

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads

Abstract

Food-derived bioactive peptides are of great interest to science and industry due to evolving drivers of food product innovation, including health and wellness. This study aims to draw attention through a critical study on how bioinformatics analysis is employed in the identification of bioactive peptides in the laboratory. An in silico analysis (PeptideRanker, BIOPEP, AHTpin, and mAHTPred) of a list of peptides from goat casein hydrolysate was performed to predict which sequences could potentially be bioactive. To validate the predictions, the in vitro antihypertensive potential of the five peptides with the highest potential was first measured. Then, for three of these, gastrointestinal digestion was simulated in vitro, followed by the analysis of the resulting ACE inhibitory activity as well as antioxidant capacity. We thus observed that the use of new computational biology technologies to predict peptide sequences is an important research tool, but they should not be used alone and complementarity with various in vitro and in vivo assays is essential.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2439
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • ACE inhibition
  • Antihypertensive activity
  • Antioxidant activity
  • Bioactive peptide
  • Bioinformatics
  • In silico prediction
  • ORAC

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